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Gonzalo Rojas (1916-2011) was a Chilean teacher and poet belonging to the "Generation of 38", an artistic-literary movement that tried to portray the social decadence of the 30s. He published his first book, The misery of man, in 1948. In 1960, under the auspices of the University of Concepción, it organized the “First Meeting of American Writers” which was attended by, among others, Ernesto Sábato, Nicanor Parra, Allen Ginsberg. Two years later he organized another meeting of writers, philosophers, scientists and artists, in which it has been ventured that the "literary boom" of Latin America was born. Salvador Allende appoints him cultural advisor in China (1970-1972) and in charge of business in Cuba (1972-1973). After the coup, he is prohibited from returning to the country and lives in exile until 1994. During this time he publishes Dark (1977), a book that made him popular in America, as well as anthologies and poetry books. He is considered one of the greatest Ibero-American poets of the 1992th century and received various recognitions such as the Reina Sofía Prize for Ibero-American Poetry and the National Prize for Literature (1997), the José Hernández Prize (1998), the Octavio Paz Prize for poetry and essays. (2003) and the Miguel de Cervantes Prize (XNUMX) in addition to twenty honorary doctorates from American and European universities.